The average man requires 1,800 k cal energy per day to function effectively according to the Food and Agriculture organization. It goes without saying how important food is to man and by extension, cold storage. But do you know that this same food can become a source of poisoning to man? Yes. And it’s called food poisoning. Food poisoning is simply an illness that is caused by contaminated food. The question is: How can food be contaminated?
Food can be contaminated in so many ways; through coming in contact with infectous organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. These organisms are causative agents with over 200 disease associated with food poisoning ranging from diarrhea to cancers.
Food can get contaminated during planting in so many ways. One of the ways is indiscriminate application of chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers). The use of uncured manure on food crops can also lead to contamination.
The major source of contamination during after planting can be majorly attributed to lack of effective storage system and wrong use of ripening substance.
Lack of proper storage facilities during packaging and transit. The Nigerian food items are usually displayed openly and carelessly during transit form the farm to the markets. To solve the problem, foods items should be transported on a mobile cold storage.
If our farmers embrace cold storage, more than half of our contamination problem would be solved. This is as a result of the high quality insulated panels used for the construction of cold rooms which makes it airtight, more energy efficient and cost effective.
Good news is…there is a movement to improve cold chain in West Africa. One of the top organizations championing this cause is OTACCWA which simply stands for the Organization for Technology Advancement of Cold Chain in West Africa.